Bermuda's Native Birds: Part 1

by ChelseO 15th July 2015

The beautiful island of Bermuda is home to many native species of birds. The island offers a range of great areas to watch these creatures take flight, from Dockyard's breakwaters to the Somerset Long Bay Nature Reserves, Spittal Pond, the Botanical Gardens, L.F. Wade International Airport's vantage points and Cooper's Point. Bermuda's location in the North Atlantic attracts birds from every direction and nearly 400 species have been recorded. Read on to learn more about 3 of our favorites.


Common Tern

Bermuda's Native Birds: Part 1

Image via Flickr, Common Tern by PapaPiper, via CC License 


Known for their black and red markings, forked tails and graceful disposition, Common Terns are beautiful birds. Making their home in sounds and harbours, they are often referred to by older locals as “Redshanks.” Medium to large seabirds, they belong to the tern family Sternidae. Currently, Bermuda's conservation officials are looking to the public to help secure their future as the number of mating pairs on island has dropped from as many as 35 to only 3. Learn more here.



bermuda yellow pages longtail native bird species

Image via Flickr, Bermuda Longtail by kansasphoto, via CC License 


The Bermuda Longtail, also called the White-tailed Tropicbird, boasts impressive tail feathers and is a popular local species. Large in size at up to 30 inches, with a wingspan of up to 3 feet, they are white in color with distinctive black markings, pointed orange bills and dark webbed feet. An open-ocean species, Longtails come inshore to breed and prefer nesting in cavities. They nest in large numbers in Bermuda and are an iconic species known for representing the beginning of spring. Conservation efforts are being undertaken in order to improve their breeding success.


Eastern Bluebird

Bermuda's Native Birds: Part 1

Image via Flicker, Eastern Bluebird (FB crop) by wplynn, via CC License


Another beautiful native bird, the Eastern Bluebird can be found island-wide in Bermuda. A vulnerable species, the island is home to the only breeding population found outside of North America. Known for their stunning blue coloring, they are relatively small in size and favor open woodlands and large fields. Threatened by predation and competition with invasive bird species such as the starling and kiskadee, they breed in artificial nest boxes. Learn more about them, and Bermuda's conservation targets, here.


Do you enjoy birdwatching in Bermuda? Which species is your favorite? Let us know in the comments or on Facebook and stay tuned for Part 2!  


Posted by ChelseO
Wednesday, 15th July 2015, 04:54pm.
Comments (0)
Articles Categories
View More
Popular Articles

Bermuda Bus Service

Find information for all Bermuda Bus Service routes, schedules, route maps, fares and popular destinations.

5 Books Set in Bermuda You Didn’t Know Existed

Bermuda's paradise setting is proving to be the chosen backdrop for romances, thrillers and mysteries that have gone around the world. Check out some fantastic storylines with accolades from some of the greatest publishing critics. Add these to your reading list.

by Kristen
View More

Upcoming Events

View More

You also might be interested in

Bermuda's endemic species include birds, insects, butterflies and snails. 

Nature & Wildlife

The beautiful Longtail is one of Bermuda's native bird species. 

Nature & Wildlife

One of the greatest attractions for tourists and divers in Bermuda are the wide range of colorful coral reefs that can be seen surrounding the island. Corals are marine invertebrates that feed on plankton, small fish, and mostly algae. Bermuda has some of the northern most reefs in the North Atlantic and many being quite large in size. Corals require temperatures between 76-85F to survive and fortunately the nearby Gulf Stream keeps the water around Bermuda warm and clean which is why the reefs in Bermuda continue to thrive.Coral secretes a chemical called Calcium Carbonate, which then takes the form of limestone forming the coral reefs. Over time when millions of corals keep adding to the limestone rocks, it forms size and shape of a massive coral reef, but the process takes many years.There are three types of Coral Reefs in Bermuda, Lagoon Reefs, Rim Reefs and Terrace Reefs. Lagoon Reefs are found in the water that immediately surrounds the island and also form in the inshore water areas. The waves are low here and the water is relatively calm. The reefs here have depths ranging from 10 – 20 meters. Due to the silt, the bottom of the ocean floor here in sandy leading to lower visibility. Corals in the Lagoon Reef area include soft corals like Sea Rods, Sea Fans and branching corals.Rim Reefs form a rim around the boundary of the lagoon water area, hence the name. They have an average depth of 2 – 10 meters and they are massive in size and usually consist of hard corals like Brain and Star corals. They have a high visibility compared to Lagoon Reefs. The North Rock, the largest reef of Bermuda is part of the Rim Reefs.Terrace Reefs, the outermost reef system and comprise mainly Brain and Star corals have extremely clear visibility.Coral Reefs are seen as an advantage for the island. They act as a barrier and protect the island against heavy wave actions and the reefs are a hot spot for various marine creatures and fish, many of which have commercial value.

Nature & Wildlife

Bermuda’s stunning coastline is home to beautiful pink sand beaches that are iconic worldwide. Discover the most popular, best hidden gems and more!

Nature & Wildlife

For years, Bermuda has been recognized as the shipwreck capital of the Atlantic Ocean. The island itself owes its establishment to settlers stranded from a shipwreck – The Sea Venture wrecked in 1609. It was once called the “isle of Devils” for a good reason, the deceptive and treacherous reefs around the island have led to many ships sinking.Triton Shipwreck was a ship purposely scuttled in 1988 off the coast of Bermuda, approximately 7 miles off the southwest side, to become a tourist attraction and professional diving site. Before her sinking, great care was taken in order to make sure it was safe for the divers.Elda Ship Wreck was an American yacht designed by Philip L. Rhodes and built in 1937 by Anderson and Combs in New Haven, Connecticut. Elda was 46 feet long and had an eleven-foot beam and based out of Maryland, on Gibson Island. She was wrecked in 1956 during the Newport to Bermuda race and now rests in shallow water close to the Eagle wreck.The Ramona, a large Canadian yacht, sunk on December 2nd, 1967 after running aground on a reef. The crew of 10 abandoned the ship after the distress signals went unnoticed. Rescuers rushed to the site after the wreck was spotted in the early hours of December 3rd. Unfortunately, only five of the crew survived. They had hoped to restore the damage of the boat but the damage was too extensive and costly for them to repair. The boat was then stripped and taken to a site off the north shore of the Royal Naval Dockyard and sunk in 60 feet of water.Hermes is one of Bermuda’s most popular shipwrecks because it remains fully unscathed. The vessel was thoroughly cleaned and made dive safe before its final voyage in 1985. Hermes lies one mile offshore at Horseshoe Bay and sits upright in 80 feet of water with her mast pointing towards the surface. The visibility of the wreck is exceptionally clear and a dive attraction to many. The white sand bottom reflects sunlight and helps illuminate the dark shadows normally found around shipwrecks. The marine life in and around the wreck includes many Sergeant Majors and Damsel Fish and even possibly schools of Barracuda’s.The King Shipwreck was the first vessel to be scuttled in Bermuda as a dive site and artificial reef. The King sits intact in 65 feet of water, half a mile off the south shore. She lays with her stern in the sand and her bow on a coral bottom. Her success of attracting marine life has attracted other ships to be scuttled around her, such as the Hermes and the ferry Triton. The King was a diesel-powered Navy tugboat built in 1941 and towards the end of her days she was converted into a dive boat owned by Gary Lamb.

Nature & Wildlife